Purpose of the assessment
What data do I need? How will this help students?
Performance data for learning and instruction
- Why do we need the student performance data?
* What use do we have for the student results?
* Will the results help instruction?
* How will the data be used to help students improve learning?
* Is the data going to be shared?
* How will feedback from the assessment help our students?
* Are all students expected to take the test?
* What accommodations are acceptable?
* What intervention will we use to improve future learning?
Focus each assessment on your instructional goals and needs
- Outline or blueprint the assessment
2. Select a test format that best suits your data needs and instructional focus in the classroom
3. Add passages, items, and prompts that match the skills and concepts from your outline
4. Balance the rigor and complexity of the assessment including passages, graphs, and illustrations
5. Avoid items that cue or answer other items on the test
6. Create an assessment that can be completed in the expected time
Review and question the items
- Does the item mix assess the standards in more than one way?
* Is each standard or domain tested matching instruction and the requirements of the standards?
* Does each item test the standard fairly and as learned in the classroom?
* Is there a proper mix of item difficulty and complexity for the overall test and each concept?
* Does every item measure a skill or content identified in the plan or outline?
* Do the questions work together to create a complete picture of student learning?
* Do any questions cue or help answer other items?
Question the test
- Is the question mix assessing the standards in more than one way?
* Is each standard or domain tested for the breadth required by the language of the standards?
* Is there a good mix of difficulty and complexity for the overall test and each concept?
* Do the content or knowledge items work together to create a complete picture of student learning?
* Is overlap or cueing minimized?
Performance task creation questions
- Is the task filling a gap that other assessments do not address?
* What work will students complete to show mastery?
* Is this a real world or authentic task?
* What is mastery going to look like?
* Why is the performance needed for learning and instruction?
* Is the task worth the time and effort from the students?