Math assessments for the classroom
Math standards work together
Include standards within a cluster or domain that complement each other to test concepts.
For example, in elementary grades place value can be evaluated using items identifying place value, rounding numbers, and addition with regrouping. Students show their understanding of place value in different but connected ways.
Items address concepts in different ways
Selected response and constructed response questions working together provide a better picture of student thinking and learning.
Grade level math vocabulary
Using grade-appropriate math vocabulary, along with mixed item types will provide an improved understanding of student learning needs. It will be essential to decide what modifications or support will be available for students that may not understand the question due to reading skills, not math proficiency.
Use grade-appropriate numbers
Vary digits, length, and the types of numbers used in the questions. For example, if testing fractions, select items with a variety of denominators.
Vary complexity and difficulty
Assessments that are too hard or too easy will not provide instructional or feedback value.
Be careful not to over-test a concept or standard
Typically 5 – 10 items with mixed complexity or difficulty will provide quality performance data.